In 1796 in Dubasari or Movilau the first volume of poetry in Romanian was printed (original poetry and translations by I. Cantacuzino) . In 1799 the Russian Pavel Sumacov noted that in Ovidiopol, Tiraspol, Grigoriopol, Dubasari, Malaiesti the majority of inhabitants were Moldovan .
The Romanian culture influenced both the culture of Ukrainians and Russians through the Romanians that found their meaning in Russia. Petru Movila became the metropolitan bishop of Kiev and the founder of the Russian Academy. The Romanian monk Paul Berinda is the founder of Russian lexicography. Milescu Spataru, besides the diplomatic and scientific activity, was the teacher of Petru the Great. Dimitrie Cantemir conducted a fruitful scientific activity, being as well the personal counselor of the king. Herascu (Hirastov) was a literary man and the first curator of the university from Moscow .
Dosoftei became the bishop of Azov, while Antonie (he crossed the Nistru with those over 100.000 Moldovans in 1739) – the metropolitan bishop of Chernigov and Bielgorod. Mihai Strilbitki from Moldova moved his typography to Dubasari, then to Movilau. Ioan Silviu Nistor in the history of “Romanians from Transdniestria” reminds of a Romanian Turcu, as the author of the Russian criminal code, of Mihail Voloshaninov as the organizer of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Grigore Voloseninov (the Romanian), also diplomat of Russia . The Russian literature recognizes that the modern Russian poetry started with Antioh Cantemir. Through D. Cantemir, through Spataru Milescu (who in China at stopovers ordered the Cossacks to sing him “Danube, Danube”), through Leon Donici and others, Transdniestria obtained great cultural personalities .
In 1737 in Russia was born Nic Bantins Camenschi, follower of a Moldovan boyar, who became an honorary member of the Russian University and Academy . Mihai Frunza, military genius of Russian Army, dead in 1925 at the age of 40, was the one whose name was given to the capital of Kirgizian SSR (Frunze) and to the military academy of USSR. He was born in Turkestan, as a result of colonization of Bessarabians and Transnistreans in 1878 in the region . In 1854 was passing away Al. Strurza, philosopher of religions. N. Donici established in 1908 “The observer of physical astronomy” in Dubasarii Vechi . The Russian Government refused the offer of Mihail Stroescu (the brother of the philanthropist V. Stroescu) to finance the inauguration of a cathedra of Romanian language at the University from Odessa.